Work during Holidays? Here's What You Need to Know

Work during Holidays? Here's What You Need to Know

Did you know that April is the month with the most number of holidays in the Philippines? You have a vacation of up to 4 days. In public relations firm in the Philippines it’s not uncommon to be called to work during those days. But, do you know how you should be compensated? 

With many compensation guides available online, it’s confusing which computation is right or should be followed. With this article, you’ll learn the basic holiday pay rules and the holidays for the rest of 2017. 

Regular Holiday vs. Special Non-working

The differences are straightforward: 

  • Regular holidays are days of observance with a fixed date every year. Some examples are:
    • New Year’s Day - January 1
    • Eid’l Fitr - As per Muslim Calendar
    • Independence Day - June 12
    • Christmas Day - December 25 
  • Special non-working holiday on the other hand has no specified date and can fall on a date without any special event to commemorate. The president and the congress have the prerogatives to declare special non-working holidays such as:
    • Chinese New Year – January 28, 2017
    • The recent April 15 which is a black saturday

While regular holidays are static and staple every year, special non working holidays may be announced anytime of the year. A special holiday can also be declared locally, for instance to commemorate the founding of cities e.g Manila Day or Quezon City Day or to prevent traffic e.g Feast of the Black Nazarene.

Now that you’ve learned about the different holidays in the Philippines, it’s time to discuss a more interesting topic: how you should be compensated during those holidays.

The Pay Rules:

Among other things, the holiday pay rules differ between the two. Below is a comparison to help you understand how employees should get paid during regular holidays and special non-working holidays.

During a Regular Holiday:

If employee did not work 100% of Salary
If employee worked 200% of Salary
If employee worked overtime 200% of Salary + (Hourly rate) x (No. of excess hrs) x 2.6
If worked on rest day 200% + (Daily rate x 2 x 0.3)
If worked on rest day with OT 200% + (Daily rate x 2 x 0.3) + (Hourly rate) x (No. of exss. hrs) x 2.6

During a Special Non-working Holiday:

No work, no pay
If employee worked 130% of Salary
If employee worked overtime 130% of Salary + (Hourly rate) x (No. of excess hrs) x 1.69
If worked on rest day 150% of Salary
If worked on rest day with OT 150% of Salary + (Hourly rate) x (No. of excess hrs) x 1.95

List of Holidays 2017

For further information, here’s a list of the holidays for 2017 that you should know, whether you will be asked to report for work during the holiday or if you will be entitled to spend it as a break from regular work.

The pay rules mentioned above are mandated by DOLE to be implemented on the following holidays this 2017:

Regular Holiday

January 1, 2017 (Sunday) New Year’s Day
April 9, 2017 (Sunday) Araw ng Kagitingan
April 13, 2017 (Thursday) Maundy Thursday
April 14, 2017 (Friday) Good Friday
May 1, 2017 (Monday) Labor Day
June 12, 2017 (Monday) Independence Day
to be announced Eid’l Fitr
August 28, 2017 (Monday) National Heroes Day
to be announced Eidul Adha
November 30, 2017 (Thursday) Bonifacio Day
December 25, 2017 (Monday) Christmas Day
December 30, 2017 (Saturday) Rizal Day

Special Non-Working Holiday

January 2, 2017 (Monday) Special Non-working Holiday
January 28, 2017 (Saturday) Chinese New Year
February 25, 2017 (Saturday) EDSA Revolution Anniversary
April 15, 2017 (Saturday) Black Saturday
April 28, 2017 (Friday) ASEAN Summit
August 21, 2017 (Monday) Ninoy Aquino Day
October 31, 2017 (Tuesday) Additional special (non-working) day
November 1, 2017 (Wednesday) All Saints Day
December 31, 2017 (Sunday) Last Day of the Year

One thing every employee  should practice is to ask about anything that they don’t understand, most importantly when it comes to rights, benefits and compensation.